The Model 1922 7.65 mm
The Model 1920 Type 3 pistols in 6.35 mm and the Model 1922 pistols in 7.65 mm have an identical construction.
The 6.35 mm Model 1920 Type 3 pistol and the 7.65 mm Model 1922 pistol do not have a lightweight frame, with the front portion of the frame above the bow of the trigger guard hollowed out, such as were made earlier on the 6.35 mm Model 1920 type 2 pistols.
The Model 1922 pistols in 7.65 mm may be divided into two types according to appearance. The first type has 16 vertical serrations at the rear of the slide, and the second type has 20 vertical serrations at the rear.
In addition, the Model 1922 7.65 mm pistols, have two different safety levers with different serrations. These two types of safety lever can be seen on both types of pistol, though safety levers with small serrations are more typical in late-release pistols.
The pistol with serial number 27351 has a two-line inscription on the slide:
None of the documented 7.65 mm pistols with the Melior trademark has the word "BELGIQUE" in French in the second line of the slide inscription, right through to the end of production.
The Model 1922 Jieffeco pistols in 7.65 mm with serial numbers 27668, 27687, 27796, and 27995, which were sent to the American market for the DAVIS-WARNER ARMS Corporation, have three-line inscriptions on the slide :
AUTOMATIC PISTOL JIEFFECO DEPOSE
This American contract consisted of two deliveries. We know this because in the middle of the serial numbers of this order, we find some pistols with the Melior trademark that were sold elsewhere. The 7.65 caliber pistols ordered by the DAVIS WARNER ARMS CORPORATION can be seen in the 1924 catalog of the Kirtland Bros & Co.
Jieffeco pistols intended for the French market have a two-line inscription on the slide :
PISTOLET AUTOMATIQUE JIEFFECO DEPOSE
The second Model 1922 Jieffeco pistol with this inscription on the slide, serial number 34465, does not have the symbol "Perron".
In 1924, the large Liege arms company, "MANUFACTURE LIEGEOISE D'ARMES A FEU", ordered a batch of Model 1922 Melior pistols from Louis Robar for export, to supplement its trade line, since the company "MANUFACTURE LIEGEOISE D'ARMES A FEU" did not produce automatic pistols, but produced revolvers and high-end hunting rifles; it was also a major exporter around the world.
For this purpose, in addition to the usual two line inscription, a third line was added with the name of the exporting company :
This Melior pistol with the serial number 33604 is also interesting because it does not have the "Perron" symbol on the slide, frame, barrel, or breech block. As mentioned earlier in the article about the Model 1920 Robar pistols, this symbol was no longer used on pistols in 1924.
The last known Model 1922 Type 1 Melior pistol marked with the symbol "Perron" has the serial number 33178.
It should be noted that at the time when the Louis Robar factory began producing an upgraded version of 6.35 mm pistols, which was the third modification of the Model 1914 pistols manufactured under the Belgian patents of 1913 and 1914, as well as the Model 1922 7.65 mm pistols, none were provided with caliber markings on the frame.
Caliber marking on the Model 1922 pistols in 7.65 mm appeared in the range of serial numbers between 34587 and 34644, and on the third modification of the 6.35 mm, the caliber marking appeared in the range of serial numbers between 68364 and 68700.
The Model 1922 Type 1 pistols in 7.65 mm with serial numbers 40664, 40675, and 40680 are made with a lanyard ring in the lower part of the grip on the left side.
These pistols may have been intended for use in the police or for military purposes.
Two Model 1922 Type 1 Pistols in 7.65 mm with stamps of the Finnish Army (SA) are also documented. This is a Melior pistol with the serial number 38280 and a Jieffeco pistol whose serial number is not known. Please contact us if you another example.
The abbreviation SA stands for – «Suomen Armeija» (Finnish Army)
In the range of serial numbers 40771 and 41459, the Robar factory increased the number of vertical serrations in the back of the slide to hold the slide securely.
The pistols of the model 1922 type 2 with the trademark Melior had the same two-line inscription on the slide as the pistols of the Melior model 1922 type 1 :
The studied Melior pistols of the model 1922 type 2 with serial numbers 42147 and 42183 sent to the English market have a two-line inscription and the export marking "MADE IN BELGIUM" in the front of the slide :
MADE IN BELGIUM MELIOR
The Melior pistol with serial number 42183 has an additional Birmingham Proof House deactivation mark on the right side of the slide and frame, as well as on the barrel.
It is possible that some pistols with the export label "MADE IN BELGIUM" were sent to America.
Special attention should be paid to the Model 1922 Type 2 pistol with the trademark "Record" which has the serial number 43144. On the slide of this pistol there is a two-line inscription :
This pistol has grips decorated with a logo with the inscription "Record" and the letters "M.F" above. The abbreviation is "M.F" can be deciphered as "Manufacture Française."
With a high degree of probability, a small batch of pistols with this trademark was ordered by a large Spanish distributor, Eduardo Schilling from Barcelona, and sold in France through "Manufacture Française" in Saint-Etienne.
Schilling received the trademark 23982 on June 15, 1914 in the name "Record". You will note the Spanish text uses the word “patente,” but the Spanish word also covers what are called trademarks in English.
Eduardo Schilling was one of two official distributors for the Astra company during much of the first two decades of the 20th Century, and sold their products in the Spanish, French and German markets where Astra granted him sole rights. He also collaborated with Echave y Arizmendi and MAPF, as well as other pistol manufacturers, and sold pistols marked with his own trademark "Record" in 6.35 mm and 7.65 mm worldwide without the market restrictions he faced with Astra.
The grips on the Spanish "Record" and "Excelsior" pistols were decorated with Eduardo Schilling’s trademark from Patent 21420.
There is also a French pistol with grips decorated with the inscription "Record". Probably this pistol was bought by Eduardo Schilling from a French manufacturer in white and then Schilling installed the handles with the inscription "Record".
During the entire study, only one Jieffeco model 1922 type 2 pistol with the serial number 45068 was documented. This pistol has an inscription in French on the slide and was intended for sale on the French market :
PISTOLET AUTOMATIQUE JIEFFECO DEPOSE
The pistols of this model 1922 model went on sale even after the release of the following new models of Louis Robar pistols.
The latest known advertisement for model 1922 pistols was published in the catalog of the Geco trading company No. 65 of 1937.
Three Melior pistols have been observed, with serial numbers 48455, 49364 and 49424, which were sold by the trading company Geco. These pistols are marked with the "Geco" stamp on the left side of the frame.
Copyright 2021 by Vaclav Vriesen. All rights reserved.