Unblinking Eye
Mauser Pistols
David Rachwal - Handguns of the World

Mauser Pistols:
1910, 1914, WTP, HSc

by Ed Buffaloe and Burgess Mason III


Part II:  The Model 1914

M14-Humpback-inlay-S

Early Model 1914 w/ Factory Inlay
From the original Mauser glass plate negative
courtesy Paul Mauser Archive.  M. Baudino Collection.

We see in Baudino and van Vlimmeren’s book Paul Mauser: His Life, Company, and Handgun Development 1838-1914 that Paul Mauser himself had told the Deutsche Versuchs-Anstalt für Handfeuerwaffen (the German Experimental Laboratory for Handguns) sometime in 1908 that his company would be producing a 7.65 mm automatic pistol “...not larger in weight and size than the well-known Browning 7,65 pistol...,” referring of course to the Model 1900 Browning.

In fact, the company seems to have concentrated at this time on developing a design for the larger caliber of 9 mm.  For instance, Paul Mauser had high hopes for a design known as the C06/08, a locked-breech pistol with the magazine in front of the trigger guard, but it did not fare well against Luger’s Parabellum in government evaluations.  Then the Model 1909 was designed, first in 9 mm Parabellum, with an unlocked breech and a recoil buffer spring, but it proved unsatisfactory for the powerful cartridge, and so the design was scaled down to create the Model 1910 in 6.35 mm Browning cartridge, minus the recoil buffer spring.

Apparently, only after the Model 1910 was developed and in production did attention turn in earnest to building a gun for the 7.65 mm Browning cartridge.

M14-Schematic-S

Model 1914 Humpback Mauser - Schematic

In this era guns chambered for the 7.65 mm Browning (.32 ACP) cartridge were popping up all over Europe.  Early on, the market was almost completely controlled by Fabrique Nationale (FN), which originated the cartridge with its Model 1899/1900, a gun with legendary reliability and accuracy.  Colt’s began manufacturing their .32 ACP in 1903, but due to a marketing agreement with FN, the Colt .32 was not distributed in Europe.  There were a few Spanish copies of the Colt being made, but they were generally of inferior quality.  The French Bernardon-Martin had appeared in 1907, but production numbers of this handmade gun were miniscule and distribution was limited.  RM&M came out with the Dreyse 7.65 mm pistol in 1907, and even though the gun was rather awkward looking and not particularly ergonomic it sold well to police departments all over Germany.  The 1908 Pieper Bayard held the compact end of the European market.  With the failure of its large-caliber pistols to find a market, particularly a military market, Waffenfabrik Mauser turned its attention to the police market, which at the time was dominated by the 7.65 mm Browning cartridge.


First Variant Model 1914 -The Mauser “Humpback” Pistol
Serial Numbers 1 - 2850 approximately

The distinctive nickname for the pistol comes from the contour of its slide, which is milled down and reduced in width and thickness over the ejection port and all the way down the front arms of the slide.  The Humpback might have been called the Model 1912, except that the Model 1912 designation had already been taken by one of Mauser’s experimental pistols.

The earliest known surviving example of a 7.65 mm Mauser Humpback pistol, serial number 22, has the following slide inscription on the left side of the slide in all capital serif characters:

WAFFENFABRIK MAUSER.
OBERNDORFA.N.
MAUSER’S PATENT,1912.

Mauser Model 1914 Humpback - SN 22

Mauser “Humpback” Serial Number 22
The slide inscription is engraved by hand.
Burgess Mason Collection

The patent referred to is likely German patent number 279890, which was filed on 20 September 1912 but not granted until 30 October 1914.  This is the patent that describes the mechanism for locking the slide open when the magazine is empty and closing the slide when a new magazine is inserted, and which also prevents the gun from firing when the magazine is removed.  Mauser certainly had a working prototype before the patent was filed, and it is almost certainly a gun with the 1912 patent date.  (Please write to us if you have another example of a Humpback with this same inscription.  We know there are at least two, and possibly more, because two are depicted in Weaver, Speed, and Schmid’s Mauser Pistolen  on pages 103 and 105.*)  The patent drawing does not show the distinctive humpback feature, despite the fact that there is a glass plate negative (no. 18932) in the Mauser archive of a schematic line drawing of a Humpback pistol.  However, early manuals for the Model 1914 clearly display a Humpback pistol, and a schematic drawing of the Humpback pistol continued to be used in Mauser manuals and advertisements into the 1930’s.

Dating the Humpback 1914 and the New Model 1910

PocketPistolProductionChart

Pocket Pistol Production Chart - purportedly based on information provided by August Weiss.

Above is a chart of production figures made from information published in 1999 by John LaCroix, which purportedly came from August Weiss, though no firm proof of its origin is available.  Weiss did not work for Mauser until 1930, but he was placed in charge of pistol production at that time and certainly would have had access to past production data in the period when all of Mauser’s records were still intact.

The chart shows 1000 Model 1910 Side Latch pistols made in 1909, 6000 in 1910, 12,000 in 1911, 18,000 in 1912, and 24,000 in 1913.  Thus it neatly accounts for the approximately 61,000 Side Latch pistols that are known to have been made.

The chart also shows that 3000 Model 1914 pistols were made in 1912.  This happens to be the approximate number of Humpback pistols that are known to exist (the highest Humpback serial number we have recorded is 2825 and the lowest non-Humpback serial number we have recorded is 2993).  The chart also shows that 10,000 Model 1914 pistols were made in 1913.

Verifiable Information About Mauser Pocket Pistol Production

The Mauser archive more often provides sales figures than production figures, and the figures are sometimes for a fiscal year rather than a calendar year.

On page 512 of Baudino and van Vlimmeren’s book Paul Mauser we find a translation of a report to the board of directors for the fiscal year 1911, which says:  “A healthy development is shown in the sales of our Mauser pocket pistol which was introduced to the market in April 1911, of which we have sold within 8 months more than 11,000 pistols....”  Despite the fact that marketing began in April, sales actually began taking place in February, the first recorded sale being three pistols to the Rottweil powder factory on 15 February 1911, followed by 100 pistols to Gustav Genschow & Co. (Geco) on 22 February (see pages 512-513).

Mauser Powder Barrel Banner Variants
from Model 1914 Pistols

SN 22
SN 13285
SN 355523
SN 494809
SN 525623
On pages 427-428 of The Mauser Archive by Jon Speed we find 6.35 mm sales figures for 1911 through 1913.  The original document is not reproduced for 1911, but it is for 1912 and 1913.  The figures Speed lists in his text differ from those in the reproductions, but he may be rounding the figures up to provide sales totals for actual calendar years (see his note on Total Commercial Sales, 1897-1913 on page 430).  Speed’s figures are as follows:  11,012 pistols in 1911, 30,291 in 1912, and 18,856 in 1913, for a total production of 60,159.  This is at least close to the total of 61,000 Mauser 6.35 mm pistols given by LaCroix for the years 1909-1913, but Speed’s figures are for 1911-1913 only.

On page 430 of The Mauser Archive by Jon Speed we find the Mauser annual report for 1913.  The first thing that leaps out at us is that the original document has a typographical error which is not noted in Jon Speed’s text.  The German text says (our translation): “We were thus fully occupied until 1 July 1914.”  However, the caption for the document says it is dated 1 January 1914, so it could not be referring forward to July 1914 but must be referring back to July 1913.  The translation should read:   “We were thus fully occupied until 1 July 1913.  The fall in demand for our 6.35 mm pistols is due to the fact that since July the manufacture of this model has been completely halted (or interrupted) for a model change.  Since then no specimen of the New Model could be brought to the market because the changes had not been completed until recently.  In December the deliveries are to be resumed, while the new pocket gun of 7.65 mm is not expected to be manufactured until spring 1914.”

On page 429 of The Mauser Archive by Jon Speed, right column, we find a reproduced document entitled “Orders from 1 January through 31 October 1913.”  In the “ordered” column are listed 1550 Selfloading Pistols caliber 7.65 mm.  In the column “produced, delivered, and paid for” is a dash, and in the third column entitled “order backlog as of 1 November” is the number 1550.  So Mauser had received orders for 1550 pistols in 7.65 mm which they were unable to fill as of 31 October 1913.

The earliest advertisement we have located for a Model 1914 Mauser is in a book published in 1913 entitled Moderne Gewehrfabrikation, by Otto Maretsch.  It features a photograph of a 1910 Sidelatch in 6.35mm, and announces the “newest Mauser small pocket model with fixed barrel, caliber 6.35 mm and 7.65 mm, the latter being available from January 1914.”  A similar notice also appeared in a book entitled Das Flintenschießen – Lehrbuch des Flintenschießens, Nebst einer Anleitung zur Herstellung von Flintenschießständen, by Albert Preuß, also published in 1913 and giving the same date of availability for the 7.65 mm pistol.  (We are indebted to Martin Krause for this information.)

On page 98 of Weaver, Speed, and Schmid’s Mauser Pistolen is an English language “Introductory” for the Model 1912 Armeepistole wherein it is stated:  “...the well-known inventor, our Managing Director Paul von Mauser, has also designed an automatic pocket pistol for the 7.65 mm auto-cartridge.  ...we have introduced in the 6.35 mm and in the 7.65 mm automatics various important improvements which were realized while carrying out practical experiments on a large scale with our 9 mm military pattern automatic pistol, model 1912/14.  The 7.65 mm and the new model 6.35 mm pistols are entirely alike in their construction except for their sizes....”  A footnote states:  “...the Cal. 7.65 mm automatic will be available in July 1914...”

In the 15 May 1914 issue of the magazine Schuss und Waffe there is an advertisement for the Mauser pocket pistol which notes that the “Caliber 7.65 mm (8 shot) [will be] available from late Autumn of 1914 onwards.”

The earliest recorded sales of 7.65 mm pistols are listed on page 572 of Baudino and van Vlimmeren’s book Paul Mauser:  in February of 1914 two units went “...to the DWM ammunition plant in Karlsruhe...,” one unit went to A. Stahle, a dealer in Stuttgart, and in July 1914 the Landjager Korps of Stuttgart purchased 110 units.  So we see that the earliest recorded sales actually took place before the patent was officially approved.

1920-Geco-Cat-Ad-Det-S

Mauser Model 1914 Humpback Geco Catalogue Illustration
Click to Enlarge.

If we turn to old catalogues, we find that the 1914 Gustav Genschow & Co. (Geco) catalogue does not list either Mauser pocket pistol.  Interestingly, however the 1920-21 Geco catalogue (No. 30) lists both the 6.35 mm and the 7.65 mm pistols and features a drawing of a Humpback pistol with a patent date of 1913.  We know that it was common practice for advertisements to use older, already-available drawings--it is very unlikely that any Humpback Mauser pistols were still for sale as late as 1920 or 1921.  But it is interesting that the patent date was drawn as 1913.  By 1926 the Geco catalogue was showing the Standard Model 1914 Mauser pistol in 7.65 mm.

In Mauser Pocket Pistols 1910-1946 by Roy G. Pender III (on page 99) we see a presentation Mauser Humpback pistol given to Adolph Drossel by Paul Mauser.  It is inscribed with the date of March 1914 and has the serial number 130. 

One can certainly find reasons to doubt LaCroix’s figures, even though the figures add up to the correct number actually manufactured.  There is no evidence in the sales figures or annual reports from 1909 and 1910 that any 6.35 mm pistols were manufactured.  Of course, the figures cited are for commercial manufacture and would not include prototypes made by the Versuchsabteilung or experimental department.  Nonetheless, the experimental department would only have made a few prototypes.  If thousands of pistols were manufactured, they would have been made in the main factory, not in the experimental department, and would have been accounted for in the annual report.

The critical German patents for the 6.35 mm Model 1910 Side Latch appear to have been granted by September of 1910, and this dovetails nicely with the fact that the earliest sale reported is in February of 1911.

The critical patent for the New Model 1910 (6.35 mm) and the Model 1914 (7.65 mm) was filed in September of 1912, but the annual report for 1913 cited above indicates that deliveries of the New Model 1910 did not begin until December 1913 and that manufacture of the Model 1914 was not projected to begin until sometime in 1914.  This is almost certainly because the patent had not yet been granted.
Slide-Comp-2-M

Model 1914 Slide Comparison
Left:  Mauser 1914 Humpback
Right:  Late Mauser Model 1914

  The company actually began manufacture of both guns before the patent was confirmed, which was very unusual for Mauser.  The drawing of the Humpback Mauser with the date 1913 is probably an indication that the company expected the patent to be granted before the end of 1913.  We believe the early prototypes of the Humpback were made in 1912, because a working prototype was standard procedure before a patent application, though there is no firm evidence beyond the 1912 patent date on the guns.

Humpback Design

The fundamental design and the internal lockwork of the Mauser Model 1914 is identical to that of the 1910 New Model described in Part I of this article, although there are minor differences in details of the Humpback variant that need to be described.  The mechanism described in patent 279890 locks the slide open when the magazine is removed, locks the sear so the gun cannot be fired without the magazine, and closes the slide when a magazine is inserted.  The 1912 Humpback prototypes are likely the first guns ever made with this patented mechanism.  Like the 1910 New Model in 6.35 mm, these pistols have the disconnector separate from the sear lever.

Instead of having serrations cut into the flat side of the slide, the Model 1914 pistol has a semi-circular raised area at the rear of the slide on both sides.  This raised area has vertical triangular-cut serrations, and requires a slightly larger steel bar stock which must be milled down to create it.  This is a more expensive way to make a slide, but the raised area provides a very positive gripping surface for slide retraction, and this feature is found on the Model 1914 throughout its production life.

First Variant Humpback

The earliest Humpback pistols have the serial number on the top of the slide, just in front of the rear sight (up to about serial number 300).  The serial number is also stamped on the rear of the frame above the grip, and either a partial or full serial number may be stamped on the bottom of the sideplate next to the trigger.  Unlike sideplates on the 1910 pistols, the Humpback sideplate has a rectangular cutout on its bottom edge extending backward from just above the safety lever.  The Mauser powder barrel logo on the sideplate is centered above this cutout.  There is a milled rectangular depression on the right side of the frame above the right grip.

Mauser Humpback - SN 291

First Variant Mauser Humpback Pistol w/ serial number on top of the slide in front of rear sight, & a long barrel

The grip is a single piece of walnut carved to closely fit the grip frame, held in place by a screw on either side.  The wood grip is scored on either side in a criss-cross diamond pattern.  The finish of the gun is rust blue, with the trigger, safety lever, safety release, barrel pin front plate, and grip screws in nitrate or fire blue.  The magazine is nickel plated and has three slots on the left side for viewing cartridges, and a rectangular floor plate.

With the exception of a few early prototype pistols with a patent date in the inscription (see above) , the left side slide inscription is on three lines in upper and lower case sans-serif characters as follows:

Waffenfabrik    Mauser A.G.
Oberndorf a.N.
Mauser’s Patent

The extractor is of a bottle-neck shape (similar to that on the 1910 Side Latch pistol).  The striker has an integral guide rod that protrudes through the hole in the rear of the frame when it is cocked (like that of the 1910 New Model pistol).

Mauser Humpback - SN 291

First Variant Mauser Humpback Pistol - right side slide detail

There are a couple of sub-variants.  The first sub-variant has a 3.4 inch (86 mm) barrel with the front sight set back less than a tenth of an inch (about 2 mm) from the muzzle.  These fall in the serial number range below 200.  The second sub-variant has a 4.25 inch barrel (108 mm) with the front sight set back about 5/16 inch (8 mm) from the muzzle.  These fall in the serial number range between 200 and 300.

Second Variant Humpback

The second variant has the serial number on the left arm of the slide, near the front.  Transition pistols may have the serial number both on the top and side of the slide.

Second Variant Mauser Humpback Pistol - SN869

Second Variant Mauser Humpback Pistol w/ serial number on the side of the slide

There are three sub-variants with differing barrels, including the two barrel styles described for the first variant, plus a third 3.4 inch (86 mm) barrel with the sight set back 5/16 inch (8 mm) from the muzzle.  Longer barrels (132 mm) were also made to fit the 4 mm German M20 rimfire practice/training ammunition.  Some Humpback pistols were sold with an extra barrel and steel insert cartridges made to hold the 4 mm ammunition.

Third Variant Humpback

The third variant Humpback has a long, straight extractor, starting at about serial number 2000.

Fourth Variant Humpback

Starting at about serial number 2590 the cutout at the bottom of the sideplate is eliminated and the slide address is changed to two lines in upper and lower case sans-serif characters as follows:

Waffenfabrik   Mauser  A.G.
Oberndorf a. N. Mauser’s Patent

The following use markings are found on Humpback Mauser pistols:

  • Bavarian crest on the side plate.
  • L.K. followed by an inventory number in the milled recess above the grip on the right side of the gun.  The mark is believed to be that of the Wurttemburg Landjägerei Korps, the Prussian rural police.


Second Variant Mauser Model 1914 -Early Production
Serial Number 2850 - 13500 approximately

These early Model 1914 pistols are identical to the late Humpback pistols with the two-line slide inscription, except that the slide is not milled down over and in front of the ejection port.  The new slide is 25 grams heavier than the early slide.  The Humpback slide weighs 198 grams (6.95 ounces) whereas the new unmilled slide weighs 223 grams (7.85 ounces).  With just over 10,000 made, this is a relatively scarce variant.

Model 1914 - SN 4881

Second Variant Mauser Model 1914 - Early Production Pistol


Third Variant Mauser Model 1914 -World War I Production
Serial Number 13500 - 290100 approximately

This variant is defined by its one-line slide inscription in all capital sans-serif characters:

WAFFENFABRIK MAUSER A.G. OBERNDORFA.N. MAUSER’S PATENT

Model 1914 - SN 207258

Third Variant Mauser Model 1914 - World War I Production

With the advent of World War I, production was quickly ramped up to fill military orders.  With over 276,000 made, this is the most common variant of the Model 1914.  Pender refers to it as the Wartime Commercial 1914.  A few of the guns (between serial number 68000 and 70500) may be found with a 4.25 inch barrel with the sight set back about 5/16 inch from the muzzle.  Around serial number 162500 a right side slide legend appears in upper and lower case sans-serif characters as follows:

Mauser-7,65

Later it appears as follows:

Mauser-7,65

Model 1914 - SN 207258

Third Variant Mauser Model 1914 - World War I Production

The caliber marking, in one form or another, continues in use for all subsequent guns.  Starting around serial number 172000 we begin to see intermittent guns with no Mauser logo on the sideplate.  This may have been due to the exigencies of wartime production.

Beginning at about serial number 277000 the milled depression above the right grip is eliminated.  This simplified production.

The gun is finished in the traditional rust blue, with small parts such as the trigger, extractor, safety release, grip screws, barrel pin front plate, and sometimes the magazine base plate in nitrate blue. The grips continue to be largely in walnut, as described above, though checkered rubber grips for the 7.65 mm pistol were introduced, with the Mauser-Werke MW monogram near the top on either side.   Magazine bodies are unblued “in the white” and have three slots in the left side for viewing cartridges.  The magazine base has a split or “T” tail on lower serial numbers and a half-moon indentation on higher serial numbers.

Some examples in this serial number range will be found with the following use markings:

  • Hamburg Police mark “P.B. Hbg. Number” in the milled panel on the right side of the frame. The first block of serial numbers range from 66498-67492; the second block range from 206892-212391.
  • German imperial proof mark, a script C in front of the rear sight in the serial number range 13500-179249.  Some in the serial number range 163000-179249 will have a Prussian eagle on the front of the trigger guard.
  • 1920 stamp, in various locations, which indicates German government ownership during the post World War I period.
  • Weimar Police markings:  a combination of letters and numbers struck into the front grip strap.
  • Norwegian police mark, POLITI followed by a crest followed by an inventory number, on a flat milled surface on the top left side of the slide and the inventory number also stamped on the frame beneath the slide serial number.  (These are said to be post World War II markings.)
  • British proof marks.


Fourth Variant Mauser Model 1914 -Standard Post-war
Serial Number 290100 - 467700 approximately

Because the Model 1914 was introduced just before the beginning of World War I, it did not become available for commercial sales outside of Germany until after the war.  Even though the German military had purchased very large quantities of the gun during the war, it was not the standard issue military pistol and so did not fall under the post-war restrictions imposed by the allies.  This variant was manufactured from approximately 1923 to 1929, with approximately 178,000 made .  The fourth variant Model 1914 is defined by its two-line slide address in all capital sans-serif characters as follows:

WAFFENFABRIK MAUSER A.G. OBERNDORFA.N.
MAUSER’S PATENT

Model 1914 - SN 296987

Fourth Variant Mauser Model 1914 - Standard Post-war Commercial Model

A few early examples will be found without the Mauser banner on the sideplate.  The right side inscription is in all capital sans-serif characters:

MAUSER - 7,65

Model 1914 - SN 296987

Fourth Variant Mauser Model 1914 - Standard Post-War Commercial Model

After about serial number 461000 the right side slide inscription was changed to read:

Cal. 7,65

The front sight has a round half-moon shape.  The finish is identical to that of the earlier variant, as is the grip, which continues to be available in either wood or plastic.  At about serial number 460000 the finish is changed to a salt blue.  The magazine continues to be unblued “in the white,” with a blued base plate that has a slot on one side into which the end of the magazine spring is inserted in order to retain the plate.

Some of these guns are found with an extra barrel for the 4 mm M20 rimfire practice/training ammunition.  The 4 mm barrels were available separately, but if the gun was sold with the practice barrel it will be numbered to the gun.

Some examples in this serial number range have the following use markings:

  • “Germany” or “Made in Germany,” stamped in various locations indicating the gun was intended for export to other countries.
  • “A. F. Stoeger Inc. New-York.” engraved marking on the right side of the frame or on top of the slide.
  • Reichsmarine markings, an ‘M over an anchor,’ with property number engraved on the right side of the frame.
  • Weimar navy marking ‘eagle over M’ observed at 4 different locations ,most often on the sideplate.
  • Weimar Police markings, a combination of letters and numbers struck onto the front grip strap.
  • Kreigsmarine mark on side plate
  • Norwegian police mark, POLITI followed by a crest followed by an inventory number, on a flat milled surface on the top left side of the slide and the inventory number also stamped on the frame beneath the slide serial number.  (These are said to be post World War II markings.)
  • Japanese oval marking on right side of  frame above the grip near the rear.


Fifth Variant Mauser Model 1914 - 1914/34 Transitional
Serial Number 467700 - 526000 approximately

In 1922 Waffenfabrik Mauser AG changed its name to Mauser-Werke AG to reflect its diversification into other manufacturing sectors after World War I.  This change was realized in the slide inscription of the 7.65 mm pistol in 1929.  The new slide inscription, which defines this variant, was in all capital sans-serif italic characters as follows.

MAUSER-WERKE A.G. OBERNDORF A.N.

Model 1914 - SN 494809

Fifth Variant Mauser Model 1914 - 1914/34 Transitional Model

The fifth variant was made from 1929 until 1933, with approximately 58,000 made.  Initially, the new left side slide inscription was the only change made to this variant, but at about serial number 488000 the right side slide inscription was changed to read, in sans-serif characters, as follows:

Cal. 7,65 D.R.P.u.A.P.

The abbreviation stands for Deutsches Reich Patent und Ausländische Patente (German and foreign patents).

Model 1914 - SN 494809

Fifth Variant Mauser Model 1914 - 1914/34 Transitional Mode

At about serial number 475000 we begin to see intermittent barrel pin release catches that are stamped instead of milled--the stamped catch is simply a piece of spring steel that has been bent to a curved shape at the end and then tempered.  At about serial number 476000 we begin to see intermittent stamped magazine release catches, made in the same way as the barrel pin release catches, but with triangular grooves cut in the bottom to make them easier to operate.  At about serial number 496000 the serial number on the left side of the slide begins to appear in a milled depression.

Most magazines in this variant will have the Mauser powder barrel logo on the bottom, and the baseplate will be blued.

Beginning around serial number 475000 and through serial number 526000 we find intermittent guns, all with black grips, with lanyard rings on a screw that runs through the heel of the grip.  Pender refers to these as Scandanavian police pistols.

Some examples in this serial number range have the following use markings:

  • Weimar navy marking eagle over M on front grip strap, side plate, slide between serial number and address and right side of frame. These will also be marked with a N or O and a fleet number usually on the front grip strap.
  • Post-WWII East German Police markings, a sunburst and roman numerals on the front grip strap.


Sixth Variant Mauser Model 1914 -Model 1934 or 1914/34
Serial Number 526000 - 617000 approximately

M14-SN627771-L-S

Model 1914/34

This variant, referred to as the Model 1934 or the Model 1914/34 is defined by its curved-back grip, said to have been either suggested or designed by August Weiss.  The early examples are identical with the Fifth Variant Transitional Model except for the curved grip.

The grips are either walnut or Trolit plastic (made by Rheinisch-Westfälischen Sprengstoff-Fabriken, abbreviated as RWS).  By this time the stamped barrel pin catch and magazine release have become standard.  Black grip guns are found intermittently with lanyard rings between serial numbers 529000 and 539000.

Around serial number 532000 the size of the D.R.P.u.A.P. patent notice on the right side was reduced to about half the size of the caliber marking.  Later, some examples appear with a slightly larger patent notice, though still smaller than the caliber marking.

Through approximately serial number 577000 the guns are proofed with the crown over U proof.  Above 577000 the guns are proofed with the Nazi eagle over N proof.

Some examples in this serial number range have the following use markings:

  • Weimar navy marking, an eagle over M on the side plate.  Most will also be marked with a N or O and a fleet number on the front grip strap.
  • “Made in Germany” in 3 Chinese characters on the right side of the frame.
  • Kreigsmarine, Nazi navy, in 4 different patterns with an eagle holding a circled swastika over the letter M.
  • Waffenamt, Nazi army, eagle/655 and eagle swastika on left side of frame.
  • Nazi Police, eagle swastika C or  eagle swastika L on right or left side of frame.
  • Post-war East German Police markings, a sunburst and roman numerals on the front grip strap.

Field Stripping the 1914 Mauser

  1. Make sure the gun is unloaded.
  2. With the empty magazine inserted, draw the slide all the way to the rear.  This will lock the slide open.
  3. Depress the button or spring on the bottom of the frame beneath the front plate of the barrel pin (you may require a small tool to do this).
  4. Turn the barrel pin to the side and remove it.
  5. Lift the barrel up and remove it from the frame.
  6. Grasp the slide firmly and insert the empty magazine, which will release the slide lock.  (Be careful!  The slide is under spring tension.)
  7. Remove the magazine and carefully draw the slide off the front of the frame.

Note:  The mechanism on these old guns is subject to wear over time.  There have been reports of cartridges firing when the slide closes after a fresh magazine is inserted.  Please make sure your gun is pointed in a safe direction at all times.

 

Selected Photographs

Click on the link for a specific photograph.
Use the arrows at the bottom of each page to navigate to additional photographs.

Schematic for the Model 1914 Mauser
Mauser Model 1914 Prototype
Mauser Model 1914 - First Variant (First Variant Humpback)
Mauser Model 1914 - First Variant (Second Variant Humpback)
Mauser Model 1914 - Second Variant - Early Production
Mauser Model 1914 - Third Variant - World War I Production
Mauser Model 1914 - Fourth Variant - Standard Post-War Commercial
Mauser Model 1914 - Fifth Variant - 1910/34 Transitional
Mauser Model 1914 - Sixth Variant - Model 1934 or 1910/34
 

Part I:  The Mauser Model 1910
Part III:  The Mauser WTP
Part IV:  The Mauser HSc


*  Please email Burgess Mason with photographs, information, or inquiries about Mauser pistols.

References

  • Baudino, Mauro; van Vlimmeren, Gerben.  Paul Mauser: His Life, Company, and Handgun Development, 1838-1914.  Brad Simpson Publishing, Galesburg, Illinois: 2017.  www.paul-mauser-archive.com/
  • Belford, James N.; Dunlap, Jack.  The Mauser Self-Loading Pistol.  Borden Publishing Company, California: 1969.
  • Bruce, Gordon.  The Evolution of Military Automatic Pistols: Self-Loading Pistol Designs of Two World Wars and the Men Who Invented Them.  Mobray Publishing, Woonsocket, Rhode Island: 2012.
  • Burnham, Alan D. and Theodore, Peter H.  The Mauser HSc Pistol.  Privately Printed:  2015.
  • Clark, James.  “Last of the Magnificent Mausers.”  Guns & Ammo, March 1965.
  • Ezell, Edward C.  Handguns of the World.  Barnes & Noble, New York: 1981.
  • Görtz, Joachim and Sturgess, Geoffrey.  The Borchardt & Luger Automatic Pistols: A Technical History for Collectors from C93 to P. 08.  Brad Simpson Publishing, Galesburg, Illinois: 2010 and 2011.
  • Hoffschmidt, E.J.  “Mauser W.T.P. Old Model,” and “Mauser Pocket Pistol 1910,” and “Mauser HSc Pocket Pistol.”  NRA Illustrated Firearms Assembly Handbook.  1952-1960.
  • Hogg, Ian V.  German Handguns.  Greenhill Books, London:  2001.
  • Hogg, Ian V. and Walter, John.  Pistols of the World.  Krause Publications, Iola, Wisconsin: 2004.
  • Kinard, Jeff.  Weapons and Warfare: An Illustrated History of Their Impact.  ABC-CLIO, Santa Barbara, California: 2003.
  • König, Klaus-Peter and Hugo, Martin.  Taschen Pistolen.  Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart: 1985.
  • LaCroix, John.  Report to Mauser 1910 Pattern (6.35mm & 7.65mm) Pistol Collectors.  Dated 04-03-99.
  • Matthews, J. Howard.  Firearms Identification.  Charles C. Thomas, Springfield Illinois: 1962.
  • Maus, L. Donald.  History Writ in Steel: German Police Markings 1900-1936.  Brad Simpson Publishing, Galesburg, Illinois: 2009.
  • Olson, John, Ed.  The Famous Automatic Pistols of Europe.  Jolex, Paramus, New Jersey: 1976.
  • Pender, Roy G.  Mauser Pocket Pistols: 1910-1946.  Collector’s Press, Houston, Texas: 1971.
  • Schroeder, Joseph J.  Arms of the World--1911: The Fabulous ALFA Catalogue of Arms and the Outdoors. Follett Publishing Company:  Chicago: 1972.
  • Schroeder, Joseph J.  “The Mauser Model 1906/08 Pistol: Failure or Forerunner?”  Gun Collector’s Digest, 5th Edition.  DBI Books, Northbrook, Illinois: 1989.
  • Smith, W.H.B.  Mauser Rifles and Pistols.  Military Service Publishing Company:  1946.
  • Stewart, James B.  “Mauser 6.35mm Pistols.”  Gun Digest, 1970.
  • Still, Jan C.  Axis Pistols, Volume II.  Walsworth Publishing, Marceline, Missouri:  1986.
  • Weaver, Darrin W.; Speed, John; Schmid, Walter.  Mauser Pistolen: Development and Production, 1877-1946.  Collector Grade Publications, Cobourg, Ontario: 2008.
  • Wilson, R.K.  Textbook of Automatic Pistols.  Small Arms Technical Publishing Co., Plantersville, South Carolina: 1943.
  • Wirnsberger, G.  “Gleich und doch ungleich: Mauser Selbstladepistolen Kaliber 6,35”, Deutsches Waffenjournal, October 1989.

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